Download File using PDO in PHP

December 22, 2020
PHP
download file using pdo in php

Tutorial: PDO Download File Using PHP with Free Source Code

In this tutorial, we will create a PDO Download File using PHP. This code can download from the database server with a PDO query. The system uses a href or HyperText Referencing to direct the bound id to another page to download a file using the PDO SELECT question to fetch the data that will be downloaded. Then use PHP header() by adding some parameters, and to download the file, you must declare the filename of the file inside the function.

We will be using PDO as a query scripting it an acronym for PHP Data Objects. It is a lean, clean, and consistent way to access databases. This means developers can write portable code much more comfortable.

Getting Started:

First, you have to download & install XAMPP or any local server that runs PHP scripts. Here’s the link for the XAMPP server https://www.apachefriends.org/index.html.

And, this is the link for the bootstrap that I used for the layout design https://getbootstrap.com/.

Creating Database

Open your database web server then create a database name in it db_download_pdo; after that, click Import, then locate the database file inside the folder of the application then click ok.

pdo download file using php

Creating the database connection

Open your any kind of text editor(notepad++, etc..). Then just copy/paste the code below then name it conn.php.

<?php
    $conn = new PDO( 'mysql:host=localhost;dbname=db_download_pdo', 'root', '');
    if(!$conn){
        die("Fatal Error: Connection Failed!");
    }
?>

Creating The Interface

This is where we will create a simple form for our application. To create the forms simply copy and write it into your text editor, then save it as index.php.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
    <head>
        <meta charset="UTF-8" name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1" />
        <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="css/bootstrap.css"/>
    </head>
<body>
    <nav class="navbar navbar-default">
        <div class="container-fluid">
            <a class="navbar-brand" href="https://sourcecodester.com">Sourcecodester</a>
        </div>
    </nav>
    <div class="col-md-3"></div>	
    <div class="col-md-6 well">
        <h3 class="text-primary">PDO Download File Using PHP Source  Code</h3>
        <hr style="border-top:1px dotted #ccc;"/>
        <div class="col-md-4">
            <form method="POST" action="upload.php" enctype="multipart/form-data">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <input type="file" class="form-control" name="file" required="required"/>
                </div>
                <center><button class="btn btn-primary" name="upload"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-upload"></span> Upload</button></center>
            </form>
        </div>
        <div class="col-md-8">
            <table class="table table-bordered">
                <thead class="alert-info">
                    <tr>
                        <th>File</th>
                        <th>Action</th>
                    </tr>
                </thead>
                <tbody>
                    <?php
                        require 'conn.php';
                        $query = $conn->prepare("SELECT * FROM `file`");
                        $query->execute();
                        while($fetch = $query->fetch()){
                    ?>
                    <tr>
                        <td><?php echo $fetch['file']?></td>
                        <td><a href="download.php?file_id=<?php echo $fetch['file_id']?>" class="btn btn-primary">Download</a></td>
                    </tr>
                    <?php
                        }
                    ?>
                </tbody>
            </table>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>	
</html>

Creating the Upload Function

This code contains the upload function of the application. This code will store the data file to the database server when the button is clicked. To do this just kindly write these block of codes inside the text editor, then save it as upload.php.

<?php
    require_once 'conn.php';
 
    if(ISSET($_POST['upload'])){
        $file_name = $_FILES['file']['name'];
        $file_temp = $_FILES['file']['tmp_name'];
        $file_size = $_FILES['file']['size'];
        $exp = explode(".", $file_name);
        $ext = end($exp);
        $name = date("Ymdhis").".".$ext;
        $path = "uploads/".$name;
 
        if($file_size > 5242880){
            echo "<script>alert('File too large')</script>";
            echo "<script>window.location='index.php'</script>";
        }else{
            try{				
                if(move_uploaded_file($file_temp, $path)){
                    $conn->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE, PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION);
                    $sql = "INSERT INTO `file` (`file`, `location`) VALUES ('$name', '$path')";
                    $conn->exec($sql);
                }
 
            }catch(PDOException $e){
                echo $e->getMessage();
            }
 
            $conn = null;
 
            header('location:index.php');
        }
    }
?>

Creating the Main Function

This code contains the main function of the application. This code will download the file when the button is clicked. To do this just kindly write these block of codes inside the text editor, then save it as download.php.

<?php
    require_once 'conn.php';
 
    if(ISSET($_REQUEST['file_id'])){
        $file = $_REQUEST['file_id'];
        $query = $conn->prepare("SELECT * FROM `file` WHERE `file_id`='$file'");
        $query->execute();
        $fetch = $query->fetch();
 
        header("Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=".$fetch['file']);
        header("Content-Type: application/octet-stream;");
        readfile("uploads/".$fetch['file']);
    }
?>
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